Catherine de' Medici
- (1519-1589) (Catherine de Médicis)queen of Franceone of the most influential queens of France and mother of the last three Valois kings, Catherine de' Medici was born in Florence, italy, the great-granddaughter of Lorenzo de' Medici (the Magnificent) and daughter of Lorenzo, duke of Urbino. In 1537, she married the duke of Orléans, the future henry ii. She had little effect during the reigns of her husband and of her eldest son, francis ii, but as regent for her second son, charles ix, she began to exercise great political control. To preserve royal power, Catherine played the Catholics, led by the House of Guise, against the Protestant Bourbons. Free from fanaticism herself, and acting always in the interests of political expediency, she appointed the tolerant Michel de l'hospital as minister and adopted, initially, a policy of conciliation toward the Protestants (Edict of Tolerance, 1561; Edict of Amboise, 1563; Peace of Saint-Germain, 1570). In 1560, Catherine arranged for her daughter, Elisabeth of France, to marry Philip II of spain and, in 1572, for another daughter, marguerite de valois, to marry the Protestant king Henri de Navarre, later henry iv.In that same year, alarmed by growing huguenot influence, particularly that of Admiral gaspard de coligny, over her son, charles ix, she instigated the plot that led to the st. Bartholomew's day massacre. In 1574, her third son, henry III, ascended the throne. Apart from her political role, Catherine was also a patron of the arts. She added a new wing to the royal residence at the louvre and rebuilt parts of the Tuileries gardens and the château of Monceau. Her personal library, with many rare manuscripts, was renowned in Renaissance France.
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
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Catherine de' Medici — Catherine de Medici, attributed to François Clouet, c. 1555 Queen consort of France Reign 31 March 1547 – 10 July 1559 … Wikipedia
Catherine de' Medici — • Born 13 April, 1519; died 5 January, 1589; she was the daughter of Lorenzo de Medici (II), Duke of Urbino, and Madeleine de la Tour d Auvergne who, by her mother, Catherine of Bourbon, was related to the royal house of France Catholic… … Catholic encyclopedia
Catherine de' Medici — see MEDICI2 Catherine de * * * … Universalium
Catherine de' Medici — see MEDICI2 Catherine de … English World dictionary
Catherine de’ Medici — (1519–89) Monarch and Politician. Catherine was from a noble Florentine family and was related to Pope Clement VII. She was married to King Henry II of France and became Regent on her husband’s death. France at that time was embroiled in… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Catherine de' Medici — /ˈkæθrən də mɛˈditʃi/ (say kathruhn duh me deechee) noun See Medici family … Australian English dictionary
Catherine de' Medici's patronage of the arts — made a significant contribution to the French Renaissance. Catherine was inspired by the example of her father in law, King Francis I of France (reigned 1515–1547), who had hosted the leading artists of Europe at his court. As a young woman, she… … Wikipedia
Catherine de' Medici's building projects — included the Valois chapel at Saint Denis, the Tuileries Palace, and the Hôtel de la Reine in Paris, and extensions to the château of Chenonceau, near Blois. Born in 1519 in Florence to an Italian father and a French mother, Catherine de Medici… … Wikipedia
Catherine de' Medici's court festivals — Ball at the Court of Henri III (detail), Franco Flemish school, c. 1582. Catherine de Medici s court festivals were a series of lavish and spectacular entertainments, sometimes called magnificences , laid on by Catherine de Medici, the queen… … Wikipedia
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